EFFECTS OF SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION ON GROUND WATER IN SMALL WATERSHEDS IN THE ALLEGHENY PLATEAU, OHIO

EFFECTS OF SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION ON GROUND WATER IN SMALL WATERSHEDS IN THE ALLEGHENY PLATEAU, OHIO

The hydrologic effects of surface coal mining in unmined areas is difficult to predict, partly because of a lack of adequate data collected before and after mining and reclamation. In order to help provide data to assess the effects of surface mining on the hydrology of small basins in the coal fields of the eastern United States, the U.S. Bureau of Mines sponsored a comprehensive hydrologic study at three sites in the Ohio part of the Eastern Coal Province. These sites are within the unglaciated part of the Allegheny Plateau, and are representative of similar coal-producing areas in Kentucky, West Virginia, and Pennsylvania. The U.S. Geological Survey was responsible for the
ground-water phase of the study.

 

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